Variable Power Optics / Precision Rifle Fundamentals (8 HRS)


This course is for shooters with carbine platforms equipped with variable power optics (1-4X through 1-8X) who want to know what it takes to get accurate first round impact on targets beyond 100 yards. It is also for those of you who have higher capability rifle platforms with optics of higher magnification. The fundamentals of precision accuracy will be presented.

The challenge for a mixed group of platforms is the accuracy requirements put upon the shooter, the platform and the ammunition. We have done that with the use of custom Steel MOA Targets from Red Stitch. There will be 2 MOA, 3 MOA and 4 MOA and full-size AC Zone Steel Targets utilized for this course – let freedom ring. Each student will discover their personal limitations, the limitations of their platform and their ammunition.

Rifle accuracy fundamentals will be presented and field firing from 100, 200 and 300 Yards as well as unknown distance will be undertaken. Are you ready to go farther?

This course was designed around M16/M4/AR15 5.56 NATO accurized platform with capable variable power optics (4X magnification is the minimum recommended for this course). Other rifles to include bolt guns are welcome. Max caliber permitted is .30/7.62 or equivalent. No armor piercing or bi-metal ammunition is permitted.

Become the shooter that knows, if they can see it, they can hit it.


Stone Quarry Range
Culpeper, VA

Link-up Point

E.V. Baker's Store
4066 Zachary Taylor Highway
Culpeper, VA 22701

Link-up occurs and convoy departs 20 minutes prior to class start.


Your rifle needs to be zeroed prior to this class. A 100 yard zero is recommended. Your scope needs to be installed at correct eye relief and must be properly leveled. If you do not understand these terms and their importance, we recommend that you go to Virginia Arms and see Rob Jensen before class. He can square you away.

Topics Covered

  • Firearms Safety
  • Rifle Accuracy Fundamentals (to include positions)
  • Angular Measurement & Shooter Math
  • Zero
  • Shot Calling
  • Data Book Use
  • Sling Use
  • Artificial Support Utilization
  • Effects of Wind
  • Role of the Spotter
  • Known Distance and Unknown Distance Firing (100, 200, 300 Yard and Unknown Distance Targets)

Equipment Needed

  • Rifle with Sling and Optic (shooter/rifle with optic/& ammunition should be capable of at least 4MOA accuracy or better. It would be ideal if you can group less than 2” no more than 4” at 100 yards or it will be a long frustrating day for you - a lot of bang and no clang

  • Minimum of 250 Rounds of quality ammunition. No armor piercing, No bimetal.  Quality BTHPs are the way to go on this, make sure your ammunition is compatible with your barrel’s rate of twist 69gr and 77gr are recommended. Thirty calibers who want to ring steel are invited too. Max caliber permitted is .308/7.62 168gr or 175gr are recommended. If you don’t load your own quality ammunition, we suggest Black Hills or Federal Match or equivalent.

  • Rifle mat, rear bag, artificial support are all great ideas bring them if you got them.

  • While not a requirement, good quality spotting scopes will be invaluable. We will work in spotter/shooter pairs. Everyone will be required to spot either on your gun or on a spotting scope. A lawn chair is also a great idea.

  • Rugged dependable bipods (Harris or similar quality) will be invaluable.

  • Data book. It does not need to be fancy. Our favorite is a simple Write in the Rain 3”x5” or 5”x8” spiraled note pad.

  •  Empty chamber/open bolt indicator.

  • There are too many good optics on the market for us to be familiar with them all. Bring your scope's owner’s manual to class, especially if you think you may need help in adjusting your optic.

  • Optic/Scope recommendations – target turrets and MOA or MIL reticles will work best. Throw levers are a good accessory to variable power optics.

  • There will be a lot of walking. You should be able to walk at least two thousand yards throughout the course of the day with all the equipment you intend to employ. Arrangements can be made to help with this requirement if necessary.

  • Knee pads (optional, but recommended)
  • Water for hydration
  • Eye protection, hearing protection (electronic recommended) and baseball cap


  • Lunch is not included - Please bring your own 
  • It's highly recommended to bring a chair.
  • This is an outdoor ranges, so the only restrooms are Port-A-Johns.


Class is limited to 12 students. A one to three instructor to student ratio will be maintained in this course to ensure that each student receives the individual attention needed for the best chance of success.